PCOD or PCOS – the Major Challenge for Women of This Generation

PCOD or PCOS – the Major Challenge for Women of This Generation

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) & Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) are the most common & underdiagnosed endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age.

Dr. Prachi Tyagi
August, 20 2022
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Are you also suffering from PCOS or PCOD??

Are you unaware of this condition??

You are not alone.

Introduction

According to today’s scenario, PCOS is on the rise among Indian women.

There are many people or women in India who are still not aware of the disorder and its lifetime consequences because there is a lack of awareness of the condition, and it often remains undetected.

PCOS was first described and detected in 1935, but still, women are unaware of this condition, and they hesitate to talk or discuss this type of condition in their family as they think they would become the reason for jokes or would be ashamed.

It has been estimated that 20% of all Indian women suffer from this condition i.e., 1 out of 5 women suffers from PCOD in India according to the latest research. If we look at the statistical data of 2018, then it was 1 out of 10 women suffering from PCOD.

This data signifies that the statistical data of affected women is increasing monthly or yearly. So, first of all, you all should be aware of what PCOD or PCOS is.

PCOD stands for Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease whereas PCOS stands for Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome.

PCOD is basically a medical condition in which the women’s ovary produces partially mature eggs or immature eggs.

PCOS is a medical condition that is more severe than PCOD as in this condition women’s ovary produces a high number of male hormones which increases the risk of excessive cyst formation or ovarian cancer.

These follicular cyst causes anovulation of eggs and further prevent the regular release of eggs.

Etiology

PCOS is described as an oligogenic disorder which means it’s not inherited by a simple single gene; it is basically an interaction of genetic and environmental factors which leads to the formation of this particular phenotype.

PCOS & PCOD

Symptoms

The major symptoms faced by women with this condition are:

  • High testosterone levels: Male hormones are more active.
  • Excessive facial hair growth: Excessive eyebrows, upper lip hair, and chin hair growth
  • Hair fall: Hair becomes very thin and brittle
  • Acne: Acne occurs at the back and face.
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Irregular periods: Periods don’t occur for months. If occur, then occur with heavy bleeding for 9-11 days regularly which is very painful
  • Infertility
  • Mood swings
  • Pelvic pain
  • Fatigue

Causes

  • Improper lifestyle
  • Junk food
  • Irregular sleeping patterns
  • Dehydration
  • Deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals
  • High insulin levels
  • High-stress levels
  • Insomnia
  • Excessive intake of alcohol
  • Excessive smoking
  • Improper diet
  • No physical activity or sports
  • Pollution
  • Over counter drugs
  • Certain hormonal medicine

Treatment

Treatment is very simple but very tough to follow and maintain.

  • You should do exercises daily to improve your metabolism and to increase your physical activity.
  • You should get a proper sleep of 6 hours.
  • You should meditate to be stress-free.
  • You should follow a healthy balanced diet and should keep your body hydrated.
  • Eat seasonal fruits and vegetables.

PCOS & PCOD Diet Chart

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